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Economic potential of flower cultivation in Bangladesh

Published : Wednesday, 17 April, 2024 at 12:00 AM  Count : 271

Economic potential of flower cultivation in Bangladesh

Economic potential of flower cultivation in Bangladesh

Flowers are symbols of purity. There is not a single person in the world who does not love flowers. Flowers are symbols of love. Different types of flowers bloom around nature. All flowers bring peace to the human heart. Along with familiar flowers such as Rose, Rajnigandha, Chrysanthemum, Belli, Hasnahena, Marigold, etc., foreign flowers also bloom in the country. Among the exotic flowers, the first in demand is the beautiful tulip flower. But roses are first in terms of sales. Talk about the queen of flowers! In addition, several varieties of flowers such as gladiolus, gypsy, china rose, cosmos, and cherry are sold in the flower shop.

Flowers are sold throughout the year. Apart from the day, flowers are sold for weddings, birthdays, parties, or any other occasion. Also, different days are followed. Political programs and other events are incomplete without flowers. With time, the demand for flowers is increasing. Once upon a time, flowers were cultivated only in the gardens or tubs of the wealthy. People used to plant flowers as a hobby. That hobby has now led to making money as well. That is, flowers are now a cash crop. From here the contribution to the countrys economy is increasing. Flowers are going abroad even across the borders of the country. As the sale of flowers expands, the number of flower shops across the country is also increasing. From that point of view, its value cannot be expressed in monetary terms.

But now its business value and importance is increasing. The flower market is expanding gradually. The younger generation is leaning towards flower cultivation and marketing. There is also a huge flower market abroad. If able to meet the demand, it will be possible to contribute more to the economy. Cultivation of flowers should be developed as a complete industry. Domestic and foreign varieties of flowers are being cultivated commercially. When spring comes, the flower market becomes stronger. Also, the use of flowers on different days is increasing. Nowadays, flower shops have also developed in neighborhoods. The lives and livelihoods of many people are going on by selling flowers. Thats why flowers have become an industry now.

According to information available from the Agricultural Information Service (AIS), commercial flower production in Bangladesh started in 1983 in Panisara village of Jhikargacha upazila of Jessore district. At that time Mr. Sher Ali, an enterprising farmer who was fond of flowers, started cultivation of flowers on only 0.83 decimal land. Today, about 3,500 hectares of land are being cultivated on a commercial basis in 24 districts of Bangladesh. About 15,000 farmers are involved in flower production and at least 1.5 million people are directly engaged in the flower production and marketing business.

About 7 lakh people are earning a living through the activities of the flower sector. At present, flowers are being produced on about 3520 hectares of land in 24 districts of the country. Out of this, the Khulna division has a maximum of 2600 hectares (74%) of land where flowers are cultivated. 2nd place is the Dhaka division with 690 hectares (20%) and 3rd place is the Chittagong division with 121 hectares (3.44%). Besides, 42 hectares (0.29%) in Rangpur division. As mentioned earlier, about 15000 thousand farmers are involved in the main production. Among them 11250 people are (75%) in the Khulna division, and 3000 people (20%) in the Dhaka division. The remaining 5% of farmers are engaged in flower cultivation in the Rangpur, Rajshahi, and Mymensingh divisions.

According to the Bangladesh Bureau of Statistics, BBS, more than 32 thousand tons of flowers bloomed in our country in 2022. The information of Bangladesh Flowers Society says that there is a flower market worth 1.5 billion takas in our country. Once marigolds and roses were cultivated, but now 15-16 types of flowers are being cultivated in our country. And Bengal According to the data of Adesh Flowers Society, there is currently a flower market worth 1.5 billion rupees in the country. And if we take the business of allied industries related to flower processing, it will be about 2000 crore rupees. According to the information published in the media, the businessmen involved in flowers hope that the flower market will reach 500 crores this time, which was 150 crores in February of other years.

A major portion of flowers are supplied from here across the country. Also, flowers are being cultivated in the districts of Chuadanga, Savar, Gazipur, Mymensingh, Rangpur, Chittagong, Meherpur, Bogra, Natore, Manikganj, Rangamati, Tangail etc. The scope of flower cultivation is gradually increasing. Flower cultivation in our country has been started for a long time. It is known that commercial flower cultivation started in Bangladesh in the 80s. In 1991, the Bangladesh government added flowers to the list of exportable products. However, the existing problems in flower cultivation, preservation, and marketing must be solved. Provision of necessary training, supply of high-quality seeds, provision of incentives, construction of a necessary warehouse, etc. should be done.

Many flowers are at risk of spoiling or perishing while reaching different parts of the country by traveling a long way. And flowers are one thing that buyers buy if they get a little dirty. Buyers want fresh flowers. This increases the financial loss. Therefore, the storage should be modernized and the transportation system should be made faster. The flower market now involves the employment of many people. As a result, to advance this sector of agriculture, special plans, incentives, and importance should be given.

The writer is an essayist and columnist

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