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People are looking to leaders for action and a way out of the current global 'mess': UN chief

Published : Wednesday, 20 September, 2023 at 12:00 AM  Count : 254

UNITED NATIONS, Sept 19: Leaders of a world fractured by war, climate change and persisting inequality gathered under one roof Tuesday to hear the UN chief summon them to take united action on humanity's huge challenges - and to start delivering their own assessments on the most global of stages.
"Our world is becoming unhinged. Geopolitical tensions are rising. Global challenges are mounting. And we seem incapable of coming together to respond," Antonio Guterres told the people who run the world's nations. He said that the United Nations - and the ways that countries cooperate - must evolve to meet the era.
"The world has changed. Our institutions have not," Guterres said before the opening of the UN General Assembly's General Debate. "We cannot effectively address problems as they are if institutions don't reflect the world as it is. Instead of solving problems, they risk becoming part of the problem."
He said the world needs action now - not merely more words - to deal with the worsening climate emergency, escalating conflicts, "dramatic technological disruptions" and a global cost-of-living crisis that is increasing hunger and poverty.
This year's week-long session, the first full-on meeting of world leaders since the COVID-19 pandemic disrupted travel, has 145 leaders scheduled to speak. It's a large number that reflects the multitude of crises and conflicts.
But for the first time in years, U.S. President Joe Biden, who will speak soon after the UN chief, will be the only leader from the five powerful veto-wielding nations on the UN Security Council to address the 193-member assembly.
China's Xi Jinping, Russia's Vladimir Putin, France's Emmanuel Macron and Britain's Rishi Sunak are all skipping the UN this year. That should put the spotlight on Ukraine's President Volodymyr Zelenskyy, who will be making his first appearance at the assembly's podium later Tuesday, and on Biden, who will be watched especially for his views on China, Russia and Ukraine.
The absence of leaders from the four Security Council powers has sparked grumbling from developing countries who want major global players to listen to their demands - including for money to start closing the growing gap between the world's haves and have-nots.
The G77, the major UN group of developing countries that now has 134 members including China, lobbied hard to make this year's global gathering focus on the 17 UN goals adopted by world leaders in 2015. Those are badly lagging at the halfway point to their 2030 due date.
At a two-day summit to kick-start action to achieve the goals, Guterres pointed to grim findings in a UN report in July. He said 15% of some 140 specific targets to achieve the 17 goals are on track. Many are going in the wrong direction, and not a single one is expected to be achieved in the next seven years.
The wide-ranging goals include end extreme poverty and hunger, ensure every child gets a quality secondary education, achieve gender equality and make significant inroads in tackling climate change - all by 2030.
At the current rate, the report said, 575 million people will still be living in extreme poverty and 84 million children won't even be going to elementary school in 2030 - and it will take 286 years to reach equality between men and women.
Guterres told leaders at Monday's opening of the summit he called to rescue the 17 sustainable development goals, or SDGs, that they promised in 2015 to build "a world of health, progress and opportunity" for all people - and to pay for it. Soon after he spoke, leaders from the 193 UN member nations adopted a 10-page political declaration by consensus which recognizes that the goals are "in peril." But it reaffirms more than a dozen times, in different ways, leaders' commitment to achieve the SDGs, reiterating their individual importance.
The declaration is short on specifics, but Guterres said he was "deeply encouraged" by its commitment to improving developing countries' access to "the fuel required for SDG progress: finance." He pointed to its support for an SDG stimulus of at least $500 billion a year, aimed at offsetting challenging market conditions faced by developing countries.    �AP

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