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Variant with 10 mutations detected

Covid cases rising in Americas, following Europe, PAHO warns

Published : Friday, 26 November, 2021 at 12:00 AM  Count : 345

JOHANNESBURG, Nov 25: Scientists in South Africa said Thursday they had detected a new Covid-19 variant with multiple mutations, blaming it for a surge in infection numbers. "Unfortunately we have detected a new variant which is a reason for concern in South Africa," virologist Tulio de Oliveira told a hastily-called news conference.
The variant, which goes by the scientific lineage number B.1.1.529, "has a very high number of mutations," he said.  It has also been detected in Botswana and Hong Kong among travellers from South Africa, he said.
The government-run National Institute for Communicable Diseases (NICD) said 22 positive cases of the B.1.1.529 variant have been recorded in the country following genomic sequencing.  Scientists said the new B.1.1.529 variant has at least 10 mutations, compared to two for Delta or three for Beta.
So far the variant has been seen spreading especially among young people. But the coming days and weeks will be key to determine the severity of the variant, Lessells said. Neutralising the variant is "complicated by the number of mutations this variant" contains, said one of the scientists Penny Moore. After a rather slow start to South Africa's vaccination campaign, around 41 percent of adults have received at least a single dose, while 35 percent are fully vaccinated.
New coronavirus infections jumped 23 percent in the Americas last week, the Pan American Health Organization (PAHO) said, warning that the region could potentially be on track to follow trends in Europe, where several countries are issuing lockdown amid surging cases.
PAHO Director Carissa Etienne said there were 880,583 new COVID-19 infections in the Americas during the past week and more than 15,000 deaths. The majority of new cases, Etienne said were driven by rising infections in the United States and Canada. While Central America, she said saw a 37 percent reduction in new infections.
"These trends are telling," Etienne said during a weekly news briefing. "Even though COVID cases have dropped significantly over the last few months, COVID transmission is still active across our region, so every time we lower our guard, the virus gains momentum," she said.
The update came as Europe - widely viewed as being a precursor to global trends in the pandemic - is imposing new lockdowns as several countries are recording sky-high rates of new infections. "Throughout this pandemic, Europe has been a window into the future for the Americas," Etienne said. "Time and again, we've seen how the infection dynamics in Europe are mirrored here, several weeks later."
The stakes are particularly high for the US, a country that has already recorded more than 770,000 deaths due to COVID - more than any other country in the world. Brazil comes second with more than 600,000 deaths according to a tally kept by Johns Hopkins University.
As the US enters the colder winter months and the holiday season, where many Americans are expected to travel and hold large family gatherings, officials are increasingly worried that the country will once again begin to see a rapid spread of new infections, overwhelming hospitals. Local media reported that air travel is expected to approach pre-pandemic levels before the Thanksgiving holiday on Thursday.
According to official data, coronavirus cases are up 16 percent in the US compared with last week, and hospitalisations have increased by 5 percent. Meanwhile, deaths have decreased by 2.4 percent. Etienne said every country in South America except Brazil, Suriname and Venezuela is reporting increasing cases, with Ecuador and Paraguay seeing the highest jumps.
In the Caribbean, the island of Trinidad and Tobago is experiencing its highest-ever COVID-19 rates and hospitals were reporting being near full capacity. Etienne said the rising cases in Europe as well as in the Americas are largely due to the relaxation of public health measures, the Delta variant, as well as "significant pockets of unvaccinated people".    -REUTERS

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