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The image of Nasimi and literary criticism in the novel of “Mashhar”

Tarana Yusif Kizi Ragimli

Published : Saturday, 14 December, 2019 at 12:00 AM  Count : 605
Translated: Ismayilova Mesme Aliyulla qizi

The image of Nasimi and literary criticism in the novel of “Mashhar”

The image of Nasimi and literary criticism in the novel of “Mashhar”

Imaddin Nasimi - is a representative of classical Azerbaijani literature, a great philosopher and poet, who lived in the XIV-XV centuries. Nasimi wrote many literary and scientific works in Azerbaijan, Iraq, and Turkey and in other countries, and the poet's artistic heritage with high convictions has been interesting in the sphere of literary for centuries. Among the best works about Nasimi in Azerbaijani literature are Huseynov's novel "Masher", RasulRza's poem " Last Night",  "Nasimi "poem from Kabul, "Nasimi Aliagi" , Kurchayli, " peak  of martyrdom '' poems can be shown. These works are examples of the full recognition of Nasimi as a great national literary person, creating a complete impression of his literary identity. The most noteworthy of these works was Isa Huseynov's novel "Meshher", written on the 600th anniversary of the birth of a classical writer. Azerbaijan people were closely aquatinted and loved Nasimi according to this film and scenery.  "Meshher" played a large role in love and propaganda of Nasimi's heritage, and in his creativity .Numerous works were written about Nasimi   under the influence of "Meshher" in Azerbaijani Literature.
Nowadays literary criticism reflects the attitude of the novel from the 70s from different points of view, as one of the masterpieces on top of the Azerbaijani novel.  The rich images of I.Huseynov's novel "Meshher" made great impression on literary criticism. The work is one of the most striking examples of historical figures, 70s of the centre.
The creativity and activity great Azerbaijani poet Nasimi, one of the most prominent representatives of khurifism, his struggle for life, imagenation of the era of conflict and a confused environment, has a national and cultural origin achieved a high artistic solution to the problem of identity and the environment. We saw all of these in the novel "Meshkher ".
From this point of view, it is pleasant that the work has received a decent price in our criticism and in our literary research.    Throughout literary criticism, which observed with the stronger voice: "No strong person, but an ideal person follows him," and this truth has become the main leitmotif of the novel.   The novel - which considered important ,  is a masterpiece of   the simple and illustrious , historical activity  of the poets and writers .Expressing Nasimi's imagination was deeper understanding of all complexities of the historical period  , besides ,  it was shown more attention  to  images  to   master Neimi, emir Teymurleng, Miranshakh , Sheikh Azam, Shakh Ibrakhim ,Fatma and Soltanakhmed  Chelairi .
One of the main images of the novel by Nasimi was taken, which was considered the most important image in a real interpretation of the essence of an era, the main image in the history of the revealing element of Azerbaijan history. (It should be remembered that the first version of the book was published under the name "Nasimi" in the journal "Azerbaijan").Criticism correctly notes that "the author didn't go through a chronological sequence of facts concerning his biography in order to create an artistic image of Nasimi.
He tried so , that to use some of the poet's life and work, as well as its important aspects, and the anti-feudal character of Nasimi's legacy related to humanism and khurufizm  integrity was fully disclosed. Criticism is  emphasized that image  Nasimi  -   is the   image of the novel as inaccessible peak , wisdom on centuries for ages   receiving an outstanding hero, not only in our   national prose , symbolized by the invincibility of moral pride, emphasized that in our literature and culture, in our national moral memory, an unforgettable image that  has been created.
Not only in the 1970s, but also in the 1980s to reinforce themselves in criticism, the literary text was subjected to such an extreme sociological assessment. Although, the leading forces of criticism are far from assessing the essence of history with the reality of historical events and personalities in the "Meshher" with the principle of "rebirth as it is in history". In study ,   that correctly determine the artistic value of the work ,lack of attention of I. Huseynov to historical events and details, strengthening the position of the extraordinary hero Imadaddin Nasimi in the panorama of history and in the course of events the artist is   in the centre of attention  as the main quality that comes from his purpose .

Really, after aquatinting with the Nasimi's  "Divan of Iraq" which was found by Abdul latif Bandaroglu,we are sure that faith, faith to the God ,  has not diminished for a minute.  Verses which started with the words "Oh My God" the love and faith to the God is openly obvious.  Nasimi says his prayers and complaints with the request to God. The literary text of his works emphasizes that Nasimi wasn't be an atheist who denied God neither in his time, nor later, nor in Soviet times.  On the contrary, he expressed his faith in God with great poetic mastery in his many works.This is also evident in Isa Huseynov's novel "Meshher".This work is the best example of an Azerbaijani novel in literary criticism, considered as the work that will remain relevant for all periods.

The writer is associate professor, Azerbaijan State Pedagogical University

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