US coast guard team to monitor security system of Ctg Port
CHATTOGRAM, Aug 23: A three-member team of the US Coast Guard arrives in Dhaka today (Saturday).
They will look into the security system of the Chattogram Port on Sunday and Monday. The team will also discuss the matter with the officials concerned of the port.
Earlier, the International Maritime Organization (IMO) recommended the Chattogram Port Authority (CPA) for introduction of International Ship and Port Facility Security (ISPS) Code in 2004 last.
In this connection training for 680 officials of CPA and other Port related organisations had been completed.
It is a set of new maritime regulations designed to help detect and deter threats to international security.
This new and comprehensive security regime is of crucial significance not only to the international maritime community but the world community as a whole, as shipping is now the centrepoint of the world trade.
The December 2002 International Convention for the Safety of Life at Sea (SOLA Contracting Governments Conference on Maritime Security adopted a new SOLAS chapter XI-2 on Special measures to enhance maritime security and the ISPS Code.
The Code applies to all SOLAS vessels over 500GT engaged in international voyages and all port facilities serving such ships. All ships and port facilities should be covered by the ISPS Code.
Since the tragic events of 9/11, there has been a heightened sense of security worldwide. The terrorist attack on the French tanker Limburg off Yemen in October 2002 showed that immediate steps are necessary to enhance maritime security.
Meanwhile, the CPA had installed a total of 459 CCTV Cameras within the restricted area of the port. The CPA also ensured the CTMS, Automation system, mobile scanners, ambulance ship and digital pass for the stakeholders of the port.
The CPA has already issued a total of 79,281 digital pass to the port users.
The US Coast Guard team also visited the Chattogram Port on September in 2017 last.
The ISPS Code enables the detection and deterrence of security threats within an international framework, establishes roles and responsibilities, enables collection and exchange of security information, provides a methodology for assessing security, ensures that adequate security measures are in place.
It requires ship and port facility staff to gather and assess information, maintain communication protocols, restrict access, prevent the introduction of unauthorised weapons, etc, provide the means to raise alarms, put in place vessel and port security plans, and ensure training and drills are conducted.
The Code is basically a risk management system. Its purpose is to provide a standardized, consistent framework for evaluating risk, enabling governments to offset changes in threat with changes in vulnerability for ships and port facilities.
Each Contracting Government will conduct port facility security assessments having three essential components.
First, they must identify and evaluate important assets and infrastructures that are critical to the port facility as well as those areas or structures that, if damaged, could cause significant loss of life or damage to the port facility's economy or environment.
Second, the assessment must identify the actual threats to those critical assets and infrastructure in order to prioritise security measures.
Finally, the assessment must address vulnerability of the port facility by identifying its weaknesses in physical security, structural integrity, protection systems, procedural policies, communications systems, transportation infrastructure, utilities, and other areas within a port facility that may be a likely target.
This risk management concept is embodied in the Code through a number of minimum functional security requirements for ships and port facilities.
For ships, these requirements will include ship security plans, ship security officers, company security officers and certain onboard equipment.
For port facilities, the requirements will include port facility security plans, port facility security officers and certain security equipment; additionally, monitoring and controlling access, monitoring the activities of people and cargo ensuring security communications are readily available.
The preamble to the Code provides several ways to reduce vulnerabilities. Ships will be subject to a system of survey, verification, certification, and control to ensure that their security measures are implemented.
The two sea-ports of Bangladesh have been designated to receive the ship-to-shore security alerts. Mercantile Marine Department has been designated to receive all-time communication from ships. Area Commander, Coast Guard of Chattogram and Mongla have been designated to provide advice or assistance.