UK inflation unexpectedly overshoots BoE target in July
LONDON, Aug 14: Britain's inflation rate unexpectedly overshot the Bank of England's 2per cent target on Wednesday, raising the cost of living even before sterling's slide has had much chance to feed into consumer prices.
Annual consumer price inflation rose to a three-month high of 2.1per cent in July from 2.0per cent in June, the Office for National Statistics said, bucking the average expectation in a Reuters poll of economists for a fall to 1.9per cent.
The older measure of retail price inflation - which this month will determine increases in many rail fares for 2020 - edged down to 2.8per cent from 2.9per cent, in line with forecasts.
Earlier this month the BoE predicted consumer price inflation would fall to a three-year low below 1.6per cent in the final quarter of this year, reflecting lower oil prices and government caps on household energy bills.
This is despite a sharp fall in the value of sterling, which has gathered pace since Boris Johnson became prime minister last month with the promise to take Britain out of the European Union on Oct. 31, even if that means leaving without a divorce deal.
Sterling weakened by 2.4per cent against a basket of major currencies in July, and this month the pound sank to its lowest since October 2016 GBPTWI=BOEL.
Businesses fear a no-deal Brexit will create major disruption at ports, further pushing up the cost of imports.
There was little immediate market reaction to the data, with analysts more focused on the government's Brexit policy.
"Inflation remains near target, but continued depreciation of the pound could push it higher," Nancy Curtin, chief investment officer at Close Brothers Asset Management, said.
Inflation surged after sterling fell more than 10per cent in the wake of June 2016's referendum decision to leave the European Union, peaking at a five-year high of 3.1per cent in November 2017.
The ONS said it was too soon to be able to identify weaker sterling as the main factor behind July's rise in prices. Instead, higher costs for hotel rooms, video games and consoles, as well as less discounting of clothes in summer sales, increased the annual rate of inflation, it said.
A Citi/YouGov survey of public inflation expectations on Monday showed the most elevated long-run expectations in six years, and the highest number of households unsure about the short-term direction for inflation since June 2016.
The BoE says underlying inflation pressures mean it is still likely to need to raise interest rates over the medium term, assuming Britain avoids major disruption on Oct. 31 and the global economy recovers.
Official data on Tuesday showed wage inflation hit an 11-year high of 3.7per cent in the second quarter, a pace which would normally prompt the BoE to tighten rates.
And Wednesday's figures showed a measure of core inflation, which excludes relatively the volatile prices of energy, fuel, alcohol and tobacco, rose to a six-month high of 1.9per cent versus forecasts for it to hold steady at 1.8per cent.
However, financial markets price in the BoE's next move as being a cut, given the risk of a no-deal Brexit which they believe would compel the BoE to offer economic stimulus.
The ONS figures also pointed to inflation pressures in the pipeline from rising costs for manufacturers.
Among manufacturers, the cost of raw materials - many of them imported - was 1.3per cent higher than in July 2018, beating all economists' forecasts in a Reuters poll and up from a rate of 0.3per cent in June. -Reuters