Sufi views of Nasimi
(Translated into English by Mesme Aliyullaqizi Ismayilova)
Seyed Imadeddin Nasimi used in all his works to understand the meaning of our life based on the guidance of the Quran, the source of human development and guidance.The use of the blessings of the Quran was the main activity of the poet.During the former Soviets , the "Enelhagga philosophy" of Nasimi was aimed at a completely radical approach based on the demands of the ideology of atheism.Of course, this structure was essentially atheist, so Nasimi's obeisances - literary critics thus analyzed the work of the great poet, otherwise they would not have been able to convey Nasimi to future generations.
Undoubtedly, when the time came, the truth found its way, and in the fields of science, as well as in other areas, everything became obvious, and the true face of the works of Nasimi appeared. New scientific works about Nasimi began to emerge, and our scientists began to characterize Nasimi's work, reflecting the truth.Everyone began to approach Nasimi in a certain way, and they all served the open codes of Nasimi artistic heritage.The basic idea and idea Nasimi's activity is related to the blessed verses of Koran, rich in wisdom and amazement, as mentioned above.For example, at verse 84th the "Sad " of the Quran, God orders:This is the translation of "Halif al-Haq Al-Haq-Ahlul". God said: "The truth is in me, and I say the truth. Nasimi declared it in the name of Almighty God. just like poems:
" I am God, telling the truth
Truth I , truth in me, telling the truth !"
Nasimi used parables extensively in his works, and this expression played a very important role in increasing literary expression:
My moon, my beloved angel, my elegant, my charming,
My meadow, the charming, with the pleasant aroma
My gentle, my sweetheart, my fascinate
My hijaz, Kaaba and Tur, my paradise, my angel
Nasimi created many works in various preach aruz, but the poet mainly used the "hajaz" (flow of words as music) and "ramal" (magnificence, pride). There are 70 hajjaz and 96 ramal poems in his books.However, the rajah (the expectation of a single rhythmic structure), munserikh (fluent and fast, with a free expression), mouzar (the same: ramal and hajaz), khafif (smooth, thin, moderate) and many other varieties.The literary and emotional capabilities of his gazelles are indefinable.The poet had brought rich style to Azerbaijani gazelles.One of his greatest achievements to our national poetry is ghazals, which created in folk style.
These ghazals make up the majority in Nasimi's literary heritage and are mostly bright colorful examples, written in the style of aruz, on the spirit of mood and their heart rhythms:
Does my heart fall in love, or what?
Does it light like a weak candle or what?
You ashamed, oh my moon face
You burn like a candle, look how I rotate around your flame
The ghazals of the poet, who perfectly mastered the secrets of Aruz, are rich in a series of colored adornments. The poet filled out and enriched this series from the vocabulary of the indigenous people, using art from traditions and literary forms.
Sheikh-ul-Islam Allahshukur Pashazade writes in his book "Islam in the Caucasus ", published in 1991, as Nasimi was a writer and a believer, following the dissolution of the Soviet Union:"Khakani, Nizami, Fizuli and Nasimi - God , blessing all of them ! Those who believe in God, His Messenger and His Book, and who are adored, are believers, who have been rejected.For believers the most characteristic feature is the piety of religion.The basis of this humanity of the world is religion.At a result, their affairs and their origin come from religion.If we affirm their opposition against religion, we would reject their deebs and works!"
The founder of "Khurifism" was an Azerbaijani writer and thinker, the founder - Fazlulla al-HurufNaimi from Tabriz. He traveled to many countries of the East, for the dissemination of ideas and the organization of sects "Khurifizm." The main provisions of khurifism were interpreted in Naimi's book "Javidname" (Book of Eternity). Khurifas believe that the Arabic alphabet is sacred, and that they mean the discovery of the secrets of the world. ("History of Azerbaijan" in three tomes of the Academy of Sciences of the Azerbaijan SSR, Baku, 1958, p. 219).
Naimi, who initiated Nasimi"s Hurism Master Class, became deeply rooted and reached in his thoughts, sciences and knowledge, as well as in his works Javidani-Kebir and JavidaniSajir in the Islamic world, especially among Shiite sectarians.Who was the successor of Naimi - all of whose philosophical views continued with the glorious work of the Blessed One, devoted to solitude and the unsurpassed greatness of the Creator, Nasimi with honor submissive dhurufism with invaluable work throughout his life.
Having said the true truth, I appeared hidden to the universe
Saying true, true I , and appeared as mankind
Naimi who was master of Nasimi , founded the theoretical foundations of "Hurufizm" on the letters of Hurufi-Muhdam, which pointed to the beginning of the blessed heads of the Holy Quran, despite their own thoughts.Thus, many verses of the Holy Quran, such as Hurufi-Muhta, sad ? ayn? qaf? ra? nun ? mim? lam ? elif? etc. begin with these letters.The most readable prayers at the mourning ceremonies or on the graves of the dying "Ya-Sin" sura "??" begin with the letters Hurufi-Muhdam.The difference between letters in verses with the letters "Hurufi-mukafir" is that they are read completely as written, as shown here.In other words, who reads the Holy Quran, they read the letters , in whole or in part, with the lengthy pronunciation. Nasimi emphasizes the sacred letters in his own way:
I am thirty-two letters "lem, ye, zell"
I have no partner, messenger, zeal
Therefore, I am eternal, from the beginning
I am eternal, from beginning to end
It is also worth mentioning that the secret of the letters of the " Kurufi-Mukta" lies in the symbols between God (bless him) and God's messenger, who does not explain to anyone the meaning of these letters.Although commentators on the Qur'an always give different explanations for these letters, they are just speculations, because, as mentioned above, this is a secret between God and His Messenger, and, to tell the truth, so far no one has been able to reveal this secret.
Although Naimi, Master Nasimi, also in his own way perceived the secret of these letters, as the victory of his thoughts and created the sect of "Hurufism" on the basis of these letters. As mentioned above, Nasimi was very dependent on Almighty God and was so attached that he had a good sense of divine love. Therefore, the poet, who is already enjoyed greatly by the love of the Almighty Creator, expresses the power of Almighty God in all other ways in his work:
From the beginning this beauty has made me drunk
From this source is worth being drunk
As if I am so amazed at first sight
The sky is drunk, the earth is drunk, the shining stars are drunk
Oh Nasimi, you are a close person of truth
You are the one who dares to say what it means to be drunk in the spirit
Nashim is the world, because if we can enter this world, we can do many for ourselves and for the people! Because there is nothing bad in Nasimi's world! Everything is very beautiful and very pure, Because Nasimi claims that Almighty God is the only Creator and true God, the universe, life, existence, creator, creature and true God.The Holy Quran, which he gave to humanity, is an unprecedented Quran, the meaning of which is in each value of the ayet , Our beloved Prophet Muhammad, Almighty God , sent mercy to the world, the Prophet Muhammad ( blessing him ) The purification of the Ahl al-Bayt is a righteous judgment, with the exception of the liberation of humankind, with a pragmatic, transposed, shimmering, beautiful poetry model, and with the means of ethics. As the people of Azerbaijan, we must always be proud that we have great poets, not only Azerbaijani literature, but also Muslim Oriental literature, as well as Nizami, Fuzuli and Nasimi.
Let God have mercy!
Divine Amin! Amin or Rabbil- all !
The writer is Doctor of Philological Sciences, the head of department of "History of Press and Publicists", Azerbaijan National Academy of Sciences, Azerbaijan