Thrust on regional approach to effective waste management
There is a growing awareness of regional approach towards waste management. The experts of the region also feel for proper mechanism for waste separation from its source with the help of appropriate technology. The experts in this regard pushed for availability of technology. They also suggest introduction of appropriate technology for composting and preparing biogas by the countries of South Asia.
The move also came up for deliberation of a workshop styled 'Sub-Regional Workshop on Global Waste Management', the second of its kind, in the city recently. The experts who gathered at the workshop also drew up an action plan which stressed strengthening the data-based system at the national and regional level for sustainable waste management.
The action plan also stressed three aspects of waste management: waste separation from its source and its transport and treatment, which the planners think will help reduce wastes in South Asian countries.
In this regard intensive awareness programme for both municipal staff and citizens are required apart from engaging community from the beginning of such programme, the action plan suggests.
"This is not cost but investment for many future opportunities such as compost, biogas, recycling and others that later we can use it for a sustainable application," said Onogawa Kazunobu, Director of CCET and one of the organizers of this workshop while talking to the Daily Observer.
Asked what steps are needed to address the waste management, he said strong commitment and leadership of decision makers and politicians are essential.
"At the same time, we need participation and cooperation of general public to materialize such political decisions," he added.
The action plan emphasized on inclusion of informal sector of waste management in any programme and community- based actions through non- government organizations. Besides some national standards- policies, rules, regulations for organic waste management that includes food waste composting- should be adopted by the respective countries in South Asia.
The plastic waste management issue was highly prioritized in the action plan and described as a serious concern as it causes serious pollution in the marine eco system. The marine world currently receives about 80 per cent waste from the land every year and therefore land based actions are important for addressing marine plastic pollution.
South Asian counties should also adopt appropriate technologies and new innovations with low cost for reducing plastic waste.
A regional platform within the South Asian countries and a knowledge hub should be available so that the people of the respective countries can exchange knowledge with each other. And lastly integrated solid management based on the 3-R approach was suggested for waste management.
The 3 Rs include reduce, reuse and recycle and are aimed at optimizing the management of solid waste from all the waste generating sectors.
The stakeholders are municipal industrial, healthcare facilities, construction and demolitions, urban agriculture, waste generators, service provider regulators, government and community people. The three-day-long workshop was jointly organized by the Ministry of Environment, Forest and Climate Change and South Asia Co-operative Environment Programme .
The first meeting of Sub-Regional Workshop had took place at Kathmandu in March this year to share and recognize the current condition of the waste management and its problems in South Asia.