Drug addiction: Curse for the youth
Drug addiction and drug abuse are chronic or habitual use of any chemical substance that alter states of body or mind for other than medically warranted purposes. Addiction is more often now defined by the continuing, compulsive nature of the drug use despite physical and/or psychological harm to the user and society and includes both licit and illicit drugs, and the term "substance abuse" is now frequently used because of the broad range of substances that can fit the addictive profile. Psychological dependence is the subjective feeling that the user needs the drug to maintain a feeling of well-being; physical dependence is characterized by tolerance (the need for increasingly larger doses in order to achieve the initial effect) and withdrawal symptoms when the user is abstinent. There are a lot of effects of drug addiction to the economy, society, and family. Drug addiction affects individual's physical and mental health. Drug addicts are burden for a family and society. It is a great challenge for all nations of the world to prevent drug addiction.
Drug addiction is now prevalent everywhere in Bangladesh; in the house, streets, in the workplace, parks, slums, markets and even in educational institutions both in rural and urban areas. Virtually all segments of society are severely affected by this problem. Near about 7.5 million people are drug addicted. In Bangladesh about 80 percent of the drug addicts are adolescents and young men of 15 to 30 years of age.
The spread of multiple drug use has aggravated the overall problem, personal and social days function, impairment of health, crime and other violent behavior.
Young people abuse drugs due to complex social and peer groups influence, frustration, depression, curiosity, sub-cultural and psychological environment that induce the youths to take drugs. Major risk factors responsible for drug abuse are family disorganization, parental neglect, parent-child conflict, loss of spouse strife, indiscipline, isolation, lack of emotional support, rejection of love, over protection, unemployment, repeated failure and personality mal adjustment and easy availability of drugs.
Effects of drug abuse know no bound. There are physical, psychological, familial, social, economic and National effects. Drug addiction leads to disintegration of family lies. The drug addicts in a threat to the family Because of the hostile behavior of the drug abuser the family in at risk. Normal activities of the family disrupts due to antisocial activities of the abuser. The drug addict youth drops out from school/college or university education. The service holder loses his job because of irregularities. Social isolation and alienation are very common. Family of the drug addict become isolated from the community the drug abuser swallows the lion share of family income because of buying drugs.
Drug addiction beings on rapid erosion of educational and cultural, moral and family values. The addicts lose their professional and educational capabilities, self-dignity, and get involved in serious or petty criminal activities. The sole aim in life of an addict becomes the procurement and use of drugs. Time is ripe for leaders at the highest level to wake up to the danger posed to healthy existence of society as more and more new addicts join the ranks of the hardcore ones. This slide must be arrested at all costs. The Drugs and Narcotics Department was created nearly two decades ago, especially to counter the production and availability of addictive drugs. But it has done little over the years to attain its given objectives. The corruption, allegedly, runs high in it.
Political commitment is required to combat the illicit drug-traffickers who are sucking the blood of innocent youths and becoming rich very quickly through smuggling of drug.
Preventive education against drug abuse is essential. Enforcement of laws by the law enforcing agency is needed to curb drug trafficking. The whole community should participate in awareness raising program and peer-counseling is important to change the negative behavior of the youth. If we fail to control of this problem it will destroy the whole civilization.
Md Nahiduzzamane Shazzad, Bangabandhu Sheikh Mujib Medical University; Syed Jamil Abdal, Green Life Hospital.