Climate change and children at a risk
Because of climate change in the world different types of serious accident will be occurred one after another.
47per cent people of our country are under 16 again 17per cent among them are under 5 that means total 47per cent people of our country are children. To lessen the risk of natural calamity, no high thought has come to solve this problem.
65per cent people are related to agriculture, their number is 50.1 million. In the village culture 46per cent children help in agriculture, or they are involved in it. Insolvent people forcefully engage their children to help in agriculture, looking after cattle or household work. Sometimes these children have to work in agriculture for 9 hours or more a day.
Dr. Helal Uddin Ahmed, Asst. Professor of National Institute of Mental Health said, "Natural calamity and natural disaster may affect on children different ways. Scenes of disaster related to climate change such as flood, unnatural heat, and cyclone increase death and wound, as a result permanent fear live in children mind. At the time of flood pure water is not found. Children become ill in different types of disease like diarrhea, dengu and malaria
Lose of wealth and income source affect greatly on the poor family, especially on their children's health and education. 275 schools were destroyed totally and another 1942 schools damaged by 'Aiela' committed in 2009, which affect greatly on education and child health. Statistics shows that 40lakh people became sufferer by 'Aiela'. The cyclone is the cause of great harm for physical and mental health of the children. Children had to leave there house and took shelter on the damn of the river with their parents. So they were at the risk of physical health and food. Authorities should take proper step to lessen the risk of calamity.
Saiyada Rezwana Hassan, chief administrator of Bangladesh Environment Lawyers Association (BELA) said, "according to law child labour is vended totally."
According to national Child Law -2013, 9 aspects, administrative and pragmatic were included to save the right of children but how to save children during the natural calamity is not included. Children are seen in working in agriculture, brickfield, fishing and household work, although UN declared basic rights for all children.
The Laws of Bangladesh which are for preventing natural calamity and climate change is not sufficient for saving children. It is important to emphasize on the management of protection taken at the time of natural calamity. These are to respond immediately, calamity after rescue, to protect life and wealth, to plan for development to include the community, adding local government, to build infrastructure, training, advocacy, and making awareness etc.
Bangladesh climatic change policy and work plan 2008 separates the matter in to two. These technical plans give priority on development, removing poverty, to ensure the development effort of the people of the society, gender tolerance etc. In second part 6 maters are taken for gradual work plan. But in this work plan there is no consideration about the risk of children and the effect on them after natural calamity and climate change.
National work plan for protecting natural calamity 2010 can be mentioned, here emphasized on many basic matters, among them lessen risk, rising capability, adapting with changed climate, ensuring earning, liberalize gender, empowering community, responding and rescue activities. Child risk was not found priority in Bangladesh climatic change policy and work plan and NPDM also. Existing rules and Laws cannot save our children from child labour and risk after natural calamity.