Alarming rise of dengue patients
This year the dengue menace has taken alarming proportions. Even the Health Minister had been compelled to admit that the infestation of this viral disease is much higher than the previous year.
According to Directorate General of Health Services (DGHS) statistics, Only 347 people were infected in the two months of last year, but this year 1,864 got infected in May and June alone. The minister also mentioned that in the government hospitals many dengue patients were given treatment. That the government has taken steps to prevent and treat patients infected with the disease has become evident everywhere. However, other than just providing treatment at public hospitals countrywide massive campaigning is yet missing.
It is not that the health ministry has not taken steps in this regard. In the newspapers, the key facts of dengue appeared by its initiative. But since people in general in our country puts less emphasis regarding importance of developing awareness about a disease, they need to be bombarded unless the message is reached to all.
In almost all diseases, there are two sides to deal with them: one is curing the disease once it is there and the other is preventing it before a person is afflicted with it. Since dengue is a vector-borne disease and Aedes species of mosquitoes are its carrier, it is very important to be cautious about mosquito bites particularly during this season. This is because this viral disease, along with chikungunya, is a seasonal one and Aedes mosquitoes breed during the rainy season.
They lay eggs in stagnated water in such objects as plastic bottles, cans, tires or any open containers like them. Even water of such household appliances like refrigerators can be a place where Aedes can multiply. That is why it is important to know these facts in order to prevent dengue or chikungunya, and campaign programmes for disseminating the information holds the key.
One particular aspect regarding the outbreak of dengue this year is the changed patterns in the fever's symptoms. Also the fever has become intensified than before. These features must be carefully analysed. Apart from the government, other voluntary organisations also need to come forward to disseminate key facts of dengue. It is also important that a person is also needed to understand how he can distinguish a common viral fever from the dengue or chikungunya. The symptoms of dengue include high fever with at least two of the complications: headache, pain behind eyes, nausea, vomiting, swollen glands, joint or muscle pain and rash. Once the disease is identified it is always better the patient is hospitalised and given treatment there.