The status of woman in Islam
The religion of Islam gives great importance to women. In that verse, Allah explains how the people regarded women before Islam:
"When news is brought to one of them, of (the birth of) a female (child), his face darkens, and he is filled with inward grief…" (an-Nahl, 16/58)
A girl is valuable like a boy. Parents become responsible if they discriminate between their children.
Prophet Muhammad PBUH said:
"A father person who raises three or two daughters will be together with me in Paradise even one child." (Ibn Majah, Adab 3)
An animal is sacrificed when a girl is born for thanking to Allah. A girl has right a nice name. Islam encourages both men and women knowledge and education. Educated Muslim women were raised in the time of the prophet Muhammed PBUH. For example, Aisha (rad?yallahu anha), the wife of the prophet Muhammed PBUH, taught the religion of Islam to men and women. A woman has right to see the candidate who wants to marry her. If she does not like the candidate, she has the right to reject him. When woman decides to get married, she can insist on receiving as much mahr as she wants. Mahr is her natural right and life guarantee determined by Allah. Her husband has to met all of the expenses for the house and the woman. He has to provide her sustenance. If the husband can't meet her expenses, the woman's demand of a divorce will be accepted. Her husband can't humiliate her because she is his partner.
The messenger of Allah, Muhammad PBUH said:
"The best man is the one that treats women in the best way."
(Bukhari, Nikah 43; Muslim, Fadail 68)
A man can't beat his wife unless she rebels, violating law.
Man must meet his wife's treatment and medication expenses. The woman can demand sustenance when her husband goes on a cruise for the days he is absent. If woman needs, she can agree on certain amount of sustenance with her husband. When that amount turns out to be insufficient, she can want it to be increased; if her husband does not agree, she can apply to the court.
If man's economic power is suitable for a servant, his wife can demand a servant from her husband. The woman does not have to do any housework except the housework that is traditionally done by housewives in that region. Also, the woman has the right to visit her parents once a week.
The woman has the right to work in legitimate business but when she works she can not commit sin. Women can establish a company, can trade. They can spend their money as they wish. When there is an election, women have the right to vote. Besides, election means paying allegiance. The Prophet BPUH accepted allegiance from women. (see al-Mumtahina (60) verse 12 and its interpretations) The view of young girls was asked for the caliph to be elected after Hz. Umar (ra). [see Muhammed Hamidullah, Islam Müesseselerine Giri? Ist.1981, p. 112 (reported from Ibn Kathir)] Source: http://beliefofislam.com