Nationalism, fundamentalism and misconception
That misuse, abuse and evil intentional use of any object or ideology has been proved fatal to an individual, community, society, state or the world even is a fact and it demands no explanation. Indeed, every intentional action of a human being is the reflection of his well thought justified belief, whether it's wrong or right doesn't matter much to him, this is because he believes that. Both Nationalism and Fundamentalism, at the very present perspective and the perception around the world, are the most important terms that demand precise attention and understanding irrespective of every individual, community, society, creed, culture and state. We think the lack of understanding, reasoning and realization of both the terms may lead to hegemonic catastrophe and that's the tragedy of the world.
Nationalism is--a pure love for one's country--true patriotism which demands freedom from hegemony. Fundamentalism is strict adherence to basic belief in revealed knowledge, free from any sort of extremism. It also denotes scientifically and mathematically proved facts, these are natural science. Indeed, nationalism was a theological movement started in America and Europe long back demanding that every word or teaching of Bible is from God. Every religion has its basic concept. When fundamental beliefs are misinterpreted it leads to false and negative extremism, territorial terrorism, racial hatred, ethno religious crisis and many other problems harmful to humanity. From long back to the still today thousands of heart rendering incidents are there in the history of human tragedy.
Among mass people, think tanks, political personalities and theologians, the difference of opinion is a must regarding fact. In fact the diversity of opinion is a beauty and that should be the beauty since it leads to the whole truth. In fact, we should have the mindset, and we must be logical to accept the truth, in case of absence that attitude we are to develop that. Regarding 'Nationalism' we know that there was a difference of understanding and opinion between Rabindranath Tagore and Mahatma Gandhi. Rabindranath put emphasis on the Humanity rather than Nationalism which he compared to the glass and opined that he would not buy glass in exchange of diamond, which Gandhi termed as the rosy poetic world of imagination.
This was happening at the very critical moment of the Liberation and the partition of the Indian Subcontinent. In fact, in the question of Nationalism, between the two think tanks, there had been a beautiful patriotic similarity. Rabindranath has looked into the nationalism through the magnifying glass of humanity and patriotism with the conformity of the Pluralism regardless of majority, minority, ethnicity, creed, culture and religion, that is his fundamental belief. And Nationalism devoid of pluralism results in, '' I'm the first. I'm the right." These are vague, dull and insipid misconception leading to negative, evil singularity, jingoism and derailed radicalisation.
Nationalism is patriotism but, when it gets confined in singularity denying the existence of '' the Others", we consider it to be a crude nationalism giving birth to numerous catastrophe. In fact, Myanmar denying the existence of the others and skidding away of the fundamental principles of Buddha puts emphasis on the majority ethno religious sectarian nationalism or excessive patriotism resulting in the expulsion and bloodshed of Rohiangya Muslims, the very fact was experienced by Bosnian Muslims even; these are state terrorism or fanatic racism that is in no way is justified and celebrated in the modern era of globalization.
Present existing reality, globalization, competitive economy, information technology and ongoing digitization around the world need skilled manpower, labour, banker, technician and what not. Therefore brain drain, migration, settlement and formation of new community are the glowing reality. Community, society or state should not or cannot help accepting it, since we are social beings, we need help of the others. This is a fundamental or basic concept of Sociology. This basic concept strongly adheres to the peaceful and peace loving pluralism. Peaceful and harmonious coexistence of different faiths, sects and races irrespective of colour, creed and culture only can ensure a peaceful society or a state. That what can ensure it is the whole truth, true patriotism or human nationalism.
During British colonial era, their 'divide and rule' ideology still today spreads its vicious hisses at us. We have to negate that spiteful ideology.
We wonder if it is true or controversial, as ongoing perception, the very words fundamental, fundamentalist and fundamentalism are very much typical, much more sounding and reverberating word in the world of media and it is as if it brandished our hearts with a fearful shock. Western media sounds like that. Apart from the natural branches of knowledge, the word, fundamentalist, is mostly used in the field of theology.
A or any peaceful, peace loving and human theology should not have and does not have any room for extremism. This is because a peaceful and peace loving theology or a religion propagates love, love for humanity, fraternity, universal brotherhood, equality, humanism, submissive and submission to state, it inspires to read , to be wise, to be free thinker, above all it urges a man or woman to be a perfect peace loving human being.
It teaches a man and a woman to eat, to work, and to earn what is worth legal for him and her and not to transgress the limitations. Theology truly commands a man being to keep his or her tongue and hands under control so that his or her friends and neighbours do not get hurt let alone terrorizing or killing any innocent human being, that is absolutely prohibited in a peace loving religion. Besides, to run prosecution and to execute any sort of punishment is the responsibility of the state we are living in.
Indeed, "Not a single statement or commandment of a religion should go against the humanity." Among many others, when those above are the core instructions of a peaceful religion, nobody, whether old or brisk bucks, has a room to think or go against it. If you think or do otherwise that is misconception, you are, no doubt, in the wrong path.
International policy, politics, conspiracy, injustice, imposed war and improper disbursement and management of wealth, we imagine being grave. Besides, lack of proper and precise knowledge, territorialism, racism, sectarianism, ethno religious hatred, vicious poverty cycle, unemployment and uncontrolled digitalization including many other factors we think to be responsible for the worldwide terrorism. Jingoist politicians, ignorant activists and deformed thinkers of various community avail of the opportunities above to catch the emotionally overpowered activists whom they hypnotize and misuse against humanity.
We have to understand and address the problems and the core factors of the excessive nationalism. Moreover, we have to become middle ground nations, peaceful, peace loving and pluralists. We have to shake off any sort of extremism. Only then our loving mother planet, the Earth could be a safer place to live in. Let us read, be wise and avoid misconception. No hatred, instead let's be peace loving and lover of humanity.
The writer is poet, columnist and teacher, Mirpur Bangla Higher Secondary School