Envisaging developed Bangladesh
Emphasise research and proper planning
The dream, a developed and prosperous country free from hunger and poverty, dreamt by the founder of the nation Bangabandhu Sheikh Mujibur Rahman, has been affirmed and reaffirmed by her daughter Sheikh Hasina through her different moves and steps for making it into reality. Under the leadership of Sheikh Hasina the country is heading toward achieving the goal of digital Bangladesh within 2021 and has targeted 2041 to fulfil all the conditions to be a develop country.
But the progress is being hindered by problematic education system and centralization of everything in the capital Dhaka that leads to unplanned urbanization and many other associated problems. But the situation may be changed through overhaul transformation of education system, technological innovation and planned urban development.
Education should be the most prioritised sector to achieve envisioned dream. This is why a overhaul transformation of education system is inevitable for becoming a developed country. A system of education needs to be introduced in a certain way that encourages research in every sector. By this way research-based society will develop gradually. People will continue thinking of research for progress. If we consider the development paradigms of developed countries, we will see they are developed because they produce quality research.
Let's exemplify the founders of tech-giant Bill Gates and Mark Zuckerberg to break our disillusionment. They both are now famous because of their research outcome. They have proved why research is important. Both of them did not even complete their graduation. After their research had become widespread around the world, the University authorities felt honoured to have honoured both of them with honorary degree.
On the contrary, in our country, colleges and universities focus on mainly the completion of honours and masters degrees. Only degrees of universities and colleges actually fail to produce quality people to be fit for quality development, but research-based "quality education", that is absent in Bangladesh, can make it happen. So, research sector should be given high importance in the Universities, because only research can address the problems, produce advance knowledge and innovate latest technologies to solve problems.
For that, the government must allocate a huge amount of education budget for the universities for research purpose. Jawarharlal Nehure said "A country is good if its universities are good". That means a country performs well if its Universities perform well. If the education system is transformed, the universities (both private and public) of Bangladesh will provide quality education to the students who will take the helm of the country in the field of literature, research, economics and technology essential for a developed country. Quality research produced by the students will be followed by universities of other countries.
In addition, technical education must be given high importance. In the present scenario of the World, the developed countries give high attention on technical education. For example, China is a leading economic country because of its more focus on technical education. As like as the haste-developing country--China, Bangladesh, changing its so called education system of giving exams and giving certificates, can follow the footprint of China to escalate up the stairs of developed country.
Some utopian thoughts emerge in millions. Developed education system will develop and disseminate enhanced ethical and moral values among people. Schools, colleges and Universities will give highest importance on ethics so that honesty and morality can sustain eternally in people's heart. Culture of moral values will develop in our society. As a result, ethical foundation will be behind all tangible and intangible development. People will acquire high moral values and possess high self-esteem. Unethical and illegal activities like bribery, forgery and corruption will reduce.
Let's move on other issue--unplanned urban infrastructural development that is responsible for problems( traffic congestion, shedding) and incidents( fire and road accidents) that claim innocent lives in Dhaka city. Infrastructure of Dhaka city needs to conform the criteria of developed countries because this city has is one step away from being champion among the unlovable city index because of unplanned urbanization. The government needs to take initiative in a bid to make it lovable through proper planning.
Decentralization is now the stand-alone solution to solve these problems and check accidents(fire and road) for making it lovable and suitable for a developed and technological city.
Actually decentralization and relocation of industries from the capital Dhaka must take place so that the metropolitan city does not become the centre of all industries and business centres. Every building needs to be built on proper authorization and follow-up observation. By this way, the city will have ppollution-free space for recreation. The road will be expanded. If this becomes possible, resultantly building collapse, road accidents and fire incidents will no longer dismiss innocent lives of people.
Then the city will be maintained and well-controlled by the authority. In addition, government organs will function in a free, fair and just way if they are decentralised. The High court will have regional branch. It will be an example of good governance where the government body can faction in smoother way. Every citizen will enjoy the complete freedom of speech and freedom of expression, where no one will blame the government for anything but criticise in democratic manner to make democracy stronger. Moreover, there will have a gender neutral society where no one will be oppressed, dominated, persecuted and decimated based on their sexual orientations.
So now, the focus of the government will have on education, research, technology, planned infrastructural development. Thus, ultimately, the country will have high gross national per capita Income and it will surpass the limit of USD $12,056 of entering into Developed Block.
The writer is a student of Department of Women and Gender Studies, University of Dhaka. He can be reached at firstname.lastname@example.org