Traffic congestion in Dhaka should be reduced
The traffic problem has now become a big issue for the people of our country, especially for Dhaka city. As time elapses, traffic congestion in the city of Dhaka increases. Our unconsciousness is one of the most significant causes for the creation of traffic jam. The capital city Dhaka have been experiencing bitter condition nowadays. The number of cars in the capital is much higher than the proportion roads. From morning till late night the traffic congestion has made the lives of the residents of the city horrific.
There are numbers of provate cars, buses, pickup vans and different types of vehicles in the street every day. Several flyovers have been constructed in the capital to get rid of traffic congestion. But still, it is not enough effort to reduce the problem. A number of professors of BUET and World Bank's research have found that the average speed of the vehicles in the capital has dropped from 21 kilometers to five kilometres in the last 12 years. The measures taken to reduce traffic congestion in the capital has been proved ineffective due to the pressure of the excessive number of vehicles.
Traffic police members were stuck in the traffic congestion in different places of Dhaka.
The only reason why traffic congestion is not in control is that 'the number of car is increasing unexpectedly. Use of traffic lights have been proving ineffective for years. Traffic police have to control the vehicles besides traffic lights. There is no way to quell the traffic congestion apparently. Traffic police said that there are eight lane roads in different places. But those roads are not free from the problem. In fact, to reduce traffic at the bearable level a comprehensive measure should be taken.
A few days ago, State Minister for ICT Junaid Ahmed Palak was seen crossing the road. He went on a motorcycle to go to work as a new government minister. From common people to minister, everyone has to face traffic congestion more or less. According to the statistics of the Bangladesh Road Transport Authority (BRTA), in 2018 highest number of cars registered in the capital: average of 469 a day. As of 2017, 371 new vehicles were registered in the capital every day. So it is a clear indication that the number of vehicles is remarkably increasing.
The car registered in the capital till 2010 was 5 lakh 93 thousand 77. In 2011, 72 thousand 947 cars were registered. 59 thousand 573 in 2013, 54 thousand 492 in 2013, 73 thousand 51 in 2014, 95 thousand 743 in 2015, 1 lakh 10 thousand 520 in 2016, 1 lakh 39 thousand 748 in 2017 and 1 lakh 71 thousand 349 cars in the year 2018 .
There are 139,748 registered vehicles in the capital city currently. Car registration in the capital has doubled in the last eight years. Buses and minibuses increased less in number comparing to privat cars. According to the international standard, the maximum number of vehicles can be allowed in a capital city is two lakh sixteen thousand for public transport purpose. But in Dhaka, it is seven times higher than the international standard.
If the recommendations of the revised strategic transportation plan are not implemented on time, concerns have been expressed that traffic congestion in the capital will be doubled in 2035. There should be 10 to 12 per cent space for buses to stay in the capital while there are only two and a half per cent exists. Ironically connectivity has been improved while the number and quality of roads have not been developed. Road was not expanded in the eastern part of the city.
The megacity comprises two City Corporations of Dhaka, Savar, Keraniganj and surrounding areas. Dhaka North City Corporation (DNCC) and Dhaka South City Corporation (DSCC) area have increased from 129 square kilometers to 270 square kilometers. Kuril Flyover, Mayor Mohammad Hanif Flyover, Banani Overpass and some roads have constructed under Hatirjheel Integrated project. Within a span of eight and a half years, the government has built 29 kilometers of flyover in the capital under six separate projects. These construction had took place in different places including Kuril, Malibag, Banani, Tejgaon, Mirpur and Matikata. Still, the roads are not able to handle the car's pressure.
10 organizations are directly involved in resolving traffic congestions in the capital and 32 organizations involved in indirectly. Among the taken measures aimed to reduece traffic jam, 88 automatic signals were launched in Dhaka under a project named Keis. Unfortunately, most of them have been lost due to lack of maintainance. For the metro rail project, roads in the areas of Mirpur and Motijheel have been reduced since the work of this poject is ongoing. Due to these reasons, the maneuvering of car has become tough.
Along with digital lights, traffic police also control vehicles of the city. But there is limitations of roads and human skill to manage traffic jam. The intencity has reached at a level where the available means are fail to quell traffic congestion. And, apparently these systems will not bring positive outcome. To reduce traffic congestion in Dhaka, private cars should be controlled, the number of buses should be increased. Besidesthe number of small cars should be redued. And most important is to create awareness among mass people to abide traffic laws. The traffic congestion can not be resolved only by taking laws or different methods if people are not engaged with the implimentatio of the laws.
The writer is a journalists and columnists