Body & Mind
Childcare in spring
Three-year-old baby girl Eliza from Mirpur-10 was admitted to the outdoor section of Government Unani and Ayurvedic Medical College Hospital at Mirpur in the capital recently. She has been suffering from cold, cough, sneezing and general weakness. Doctors said, her problems were mainly due to transition of the weather now prevailing in the country.
Dr Md. Shazzadul Alam, senior medical officer of the outdoor section, said admission of minor children with cold-related health problems has increased at the hospital with the beginning of the winter season. Babies (aged between 3-6 years) are generally being affected by diseases such as cold, cough, fever, pneumonia and asthma during the cold weather, he said.
Dr Shazzadul advised parents to give massage of mustard oil to their babies before their bath. Such step may protect them from diseases.
Besides, parents should feed their babies honey, juices of lemon, ginger, tulsi leaf and pomegranate. Intake of those by babies would increase their body immunity as well as meet their nutritional requirements, said Dr Shazzadul.
Children are affected by pneumonia, fever, influenza, breathing problem, pain in throat and diarrhea at the end of winter when they fall generally to diseases such as bronchiolitis, bronchial asthma, acute respiratory infection, diarrhea and different allergy or infection in skin. Skin diseases may spread fast if children live in congested places, said doctors.
Doctors said that children may fall to vomiting, diarrhea and intestinal diseases. Children should be given oral saline soon after they fall to diarrhea and vomiting so that they don't face dehydration. Breastfeeding and other normal food should continue.
Water is easily polluted by bacteria as water level goes down in the winter. Different intestinal diseases such as diarrhea ensue if anyone does drink water without boiling in proper way in the winter. However, children suffer more from diarrhea caused by virus.
Children should be given vaccination for prevention of diseases.
Pneumonia is the main cause of mortality of the children, aged under-five, in the developing countries like ours. Children die within two to three days if they are affected by this serious disease.
The children below two years, suffering from malnutrition, deprived of breastfeeding, deprived of vaccination for measles, TB, diphtheria and pneumonia, stay indoor and live in populated and polluted areas and who inhale smokes from smokers' cigarette generally fall victim to pneumonia, said doctors.
If attacked by pneumonia, the affected children should be taken to physicians for treatment immediately. Doctors called for taking up the following steps for prevention of pneumonia.
Packet of oral saline should be kept available at houses and steps should be taken on priority basis to protect children from diseases.
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