Violence Against Women
Patriarchal mindset blamed for violence against women
Raising awareness programme is not enough to change the mindset of male partner in the society, say a number of experts.
Males need to develop empathy for their female counterparts ensure gender equality.
A lot of literatures are being distributed to every field of the society stressing the need for a dignified relation between men and women but still various forms of violence against women and child girl is increasing day by day.
According to Ain O Salish Kendra ( ASK) report at least 12 women in Bangladesh took their lives after being sexually harassed in the year of 2017. A total of 255 cases of sexual harassment were recorded the same year.
Another report prepared by Action Aid Bangladesh says as many as 84 per cent women become victims of either verbal or physical sexual harassment in public transport.
Eighty per cent women are harassed in market places, 35 per cent face teasing and 15 per cent experience inappropriate touching in police stations.
A 2013 UN Women report found 76 per cent female students in higher educational institutions complaining of incidents of sexual harassment.
All the incidents mentioned above are not that women and girls are harassed as they live in remote parts of the country or belong to lower class.
And it is also not that being uneducated they are harassed rather all of them including women belong to upper and educated ( elite) class.
Observing such trends, many social experts said if solution lies with gender literacy and awareness programme then upper class male members with good educational background should not torture their counterparts both physically and mentally.
Ayesha Khanam, President of Bangladesh Mohila Parishad, said the existing culture and social discrimination is the root cause behind all the violence against women.
"Education either from country's popular university or abroad would not help change the mindset. Both male and women are victims of patriarchy. We must uproot it," she said while talking to the Daily Observer over phone.
Ayesha Khanam, also a sociologist, said the existing social perceptions are very much considered as a part of culture.
Sometimes this culture is very much similar to that of the thought process of the medieval ages that stigmatized women and prevented them from moving forward.
That society propagated that women were by born inferior to men, she said.
"I think we should introduce gender sensitive education in all the education institutions from where a child from its childhood will learn how to respect a girl. I think in this way we will be able to reconstruct our society."
Tania Haque, Associate Professor of Women and Gender Studies of Dhaka University, said patriarchal mental setup in both male and female population and lack of gender literacy are the key reasons behind such aggressive sexual behavior.
The patriarchal society confines girls within a narrow concept and treat them as less important persons. Family, religion, educational institutions as well as media too support the view, she observed.