People observed the National Flag Day on Wednesday marking the first hoisting of the country's national flag on the campus of Dhaka University on this day in 1971.
The first national flag was hoisted in Bangladesh for the first time at a students' gathering in the Dhaka University campus. The then vice-president of Dhaka University Students' Union, ASM Abdur Rab, raised the flag on behalf of the students. Different socio-cultural and political organisation jointly celebrated National Flag Day.
On the morning of March 23 1971 a totally festive air dominated Dhaka and much of Bangladesh. The day was "Pakistan Day" for the Pakistanis. It was on this day that a Bengali, Sher-e-Bangla Fazlul Huq, had moved the "Lahore Resolution," that had formed the basis of Pakistan, and was adopted.
The Awami League called a "Resistance Day" on 23rd March 1971 and the Shadhin Bangla Chatra Sangram Parishad called for a "National Flag Day". According to the students' programme the new Bangladesh flag was to be hoisted atop all buildings in Bangladesh.
Bangabandhu himself raised the flag, early in the morning, at his house at Dhanmandi. Across the nation the Pakistan national flag was replaced by the new national flag. Among the government offices of special importance was the para-military East Pakistan Rifles (EPR), Bengali officers and soldiers of EPR took control of those offices.
On Radio and Television the new national anthem, "My Golden Bengal, I love thee" was played instead of the "Pak sar jamin" --the Persian national anthem of Pakistan.
There was a military display by student volunteers of the Students' League at the Paltan Maidan, now Moulana Bhashani Hockey Stadium, where a hundred thousand armed volunteers engaged in a march past and a mock tank battle between Pakistan Army and the Mukti Bahini.