Around 5 lakh Bangladeshi migrants have returned home after completion of their overseas employment period in last 10 years. It's about 9 per cent of the total migrant.
On the other hand, around 6.5 lakh workers were migrated from Bangladesh in various countries across the world in this year, a study report on returnee migrants revealed on Sunday claimed.
The Refugee and Migratory Movements Research Unit (RMMRU) of the Dhaka University and Swiss Agency for Development and Cooperation have recently conducted the household survey among migrants' families.
Bureau of Manpower, Employment and Training (BMET) recorded only the data of the outgoing workers. It has no data of returnee workers since 1976 from when about one crore Bangladeshis had gone to work overseas.
According to the BMET, Bangladesh has exported around 541,670 migrants in different destinations across the world in 2015 until December 24. From 2009 to 2015, around 34,18,447 Bangladeshi workers were sent to different countries during the present government's tenure.
Presenting the report at press conference, RMMRU chairperson Tasneem Siddiqui said that the migrants who returned home in last 10 years and have been staying in Bangladesh during last one year were considered as the returnee migrants in the study.
The press conference was held at the Jatiya Press Club. The statistics were disseminated based on the information collected from January to December this year.
Referring to BMET data, she said a total 55,04,624 Bangladeshis have migrated to various countries in 10 years. A total of 495416 workers (nine per cent of the total) returned home during same 10 years.
According to the evaluation of RMMRU, manpower export has substantially increased in 2015 and remittance flow also increased but its growth was seen decreasing in compare with last previous years.
The rise on manpower export estimated at 30 percent this year compared to last year. For women it was 95,000 - a 19 percent rise.
She said that the remittance inflow that surged to US$15 billion this year was mentioned "dissatisfactory" in comparison to the rise in manpower export, it read.
Tasneem expressed concern over finding new channel of illegal migration of Bangladeshi workers in disguise of the tourist visas.
Launching annual report of the RMMRU on "Pattern and Trends of Labour Migration 2015: Achievement and Challenge", she said Bangladeshis were being sent to Libya by some agents through African country of Sudan with tourist visas.
She urged the government to take stern action against the concerned broker agencies which were involved with illegal migration, sending tourists to Sudan as there was no tourism in Sudan.
Tasneem said that after going to Libya they were crossing the Mediterranean Sea to enter Europe by taking risks of life. The government should stop the new way of illegal migration in disguise of tourist visas taking place via African country of Sudan.
She described the opportunities to Saudi Arabia, Malaysia and Kuwait for males as "positive trends" in the business. He cited UAE market as a concern as its market is currently closed for Bangladesh.