Leading environmentalists noted that damages to the environment can be substantially reduced if infrastructure developers follow building code and ethics.
"If green development of building infrastructure is properly followed, we can expect a massive transformation of resources," Abu Naser Khan, Chairman of Poribesh Bachao Andolon said.
The existing urban plan and management are responsible for the pollution of urban city which is increasing people's daily expenditure.
According to a recent research report comparing urban city with village, it suggests that the temperature of urban cities are generally eight times higher than villages.
Observing this present status of city life, experts noted that just following a proper plan, this exiting situation could be avoided.
Naser Khan also added that sufficient light and air cannot enter in the buildings due to unplanned design and construction of the infrastructure which is forcing people to use more gas, electricity and water.
"Most of the buildings in the urban cities are being constructed without following any building code and ethics. These buildings make barriers to enter sufficient sun's light and air. So people are forced to use more electricity," he said.
According to Bangladesh National Building Code, in order to ensure optimum return of substantial portion of national resource invested in building construction, in both public and private sectors and to achieve satisfactory performance of any building, construction needs to be controlled and regulated.
The purpose of the code is to establish minimum standards for design, construction, quality of materials, use and occupancy, location and maintenance of buildings within Bangladesh in order to safeguard, within achievable limits, life and public welfare.
For building construction, land grabbing in Dhaka city has increased alarmingly which is also posing serious threat to the environment and life of the city dwellers.
Environmentalists expressed their concern over the excessive use of underground water, filling up different water bodies, which are also responsible for increasing the temperature in the city.
"Despite these irregularities and corruption, still government has not taken any steps to save this city. At least government could take initiatives to decentralized this city," Mahbubur Rahman, a banker, said.
Dr Sultan Mahmud, Joint Secretary of Environment Department, Director of Natural Resources Management noted that countries resources are very limited.
"Our existing resources will be finished very soon, if we do not change our development methods and do not be control use of resources," he said.
Giving observation about infrastructure development, he said "We are coving our urban city with concrete in the name of development. So gradually, it will destroy the public health and environment of the city," he said.
A recent keynote paper conducted by Maruf Hossain, National Advocacy officer of Work for a Better Bangladesh Trust, suggests that about 20 per cent (1600 Mg) of the electricity from the total electricity around Bangladesh is being used for air conditioning.
Abu Naser Khan, Chairman of Poribesh Bachao Andolon said that without the approval of the Environment Department none of projects should be forwarded.
"All projects should be approval after being evaluated by the Environment Ministry. If we follow this rule then development and protecting the environment will be possible," he said.
He also said that unplanned urbanization also will bring bad impact on the physical and mental development to the future generation.
Bangladesh Population Census report suggest that about 33 per cent are the urban city dwellers, among them about 80 lakh live in the Dhaka City Corporation areas where townships are not being developed in a planned way.