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Wednesday, June 10, 2015, Jaishtha 27, 1422 BS, Shaban 22, 1436 Hijr

Hasan Ali to die for war crimes
'Razakar Daroga' to meet death by noose or face firing squad
Published : Wednesday, 10 June, 2015,  Time : 12:00 AM,  View Count : 58

'Razakar Daroga' to meet death by noose or face firing squad
CRIMES Highlights
# First order allowing firing squad 
# 18th verdict of the tribunal
# Fifth person tried in absentia
# Tribunal irked over police failure to nab the convict
# Five of six allegations proved
# Allegations of genocide and crimes against humanity established
# Death penalty for killing 20 in two incidents
# Jail until death for killing two persons and other atrocities in two incidents

Staff Correspondent
The International Crimes Tribunal (ICT)-1 on Tuesday sentenced a fugitive Razakar commander, Syed Md Hasan Ali, to death for his crimes against humanity committed during the country's Liberation War.
The convict can either be hanged from the gallows or be gunned down, the court said in its order -what is unique to this verdict.
The verdict can be executed "by hanging the accused by the neck till he is dead or by shooting him till he is dead, as decided by the government," said Justice M Enayetur Rahim, Chairman of the three-member panel of ICT-1.
The Tribunal found Hasan, who is known as Razakar Daroga in Tarail area of Kishoreganj for his monstrous role in 1971, guilty in five of the six charges of genocide and crimes against humanity. He was given death sentences in two.
The court gave him death for genocide in Shemulhati village in Kishoreganj, killing of 12 Hindus, and the genocide of Balongka at Borgaon village on September 27 that left eight people killed.
He was given jail until death for killing one Tofazzal Hossain, murdering two Hindus of Araiura and Chikni villages in the district and acquitted on the charge of plundering and torching houses. However, the other sentences "would naturally get merged into the sentence to death first executed," the judgement said.
The tribunal expressed its disappointment over the fact that it is again concluding trial process of a case in absence of the accused and asked the Inspector General of Police to ensure the arrest of Hasan, if necessary, with the help of Interpol. It is the fifth such case, where the tribunals pronounced their judgment in absentia.
"It is very disappointing that the tribunal is going to conclude the trial process in absence of the accused. Also in the past, we had expressed our concern, anxiety over the failure of arresting the accused. The tribunal has no scope to do research on finding weaknesses or problems in this regard," said Justice Rahim.
The tribunal started reading out the summary of the 125-page judgement at 11.10 am. Justice Anwarul Haque read out the introduction and charge portion, Justice Jahangir Hossain read out the portion on role played by the accused in 1971 and the definition of inhuman act. At the end, Justice Rahim read out the sentencing portion.
Earlier on April 20 the ICT -2 kept the verdict on CAV (Curia Advisary Vult, a Latin legal term meaning court await verdict), drawing an end to about six month long hearing of the case.
On November 11, 2014, the tribunal indicted Hasan and framed six charges against the alleged Rajakar commander, including genocide murder, abduction and torture.
The ICT - 1 on September 15, 2014, through an order initiated trial against fugitive Hasan, 65, in absentia and appointed advocate Abdus Shukur Khan to represent the accused before the court. A total of 26 witnesses including investigating officer Hari Debnath testified against him before the tribunal.
An estimated three million people were killed and millions of others were displaced and forced to seek shelter in India during the nine-month war in 1971.
It is the 18th judgment of the tribunal as it earlier had delivered 17 verdicts. Most of those convicted in the verdicts are from Jamaat-e-Islami, a party accused of committing war crimes.
Hasan Ali can challenge the court's verdict within a month but he will have to surrender before the court, which seems unlikely. Whereabouts of the 68-year old war criminal remains unknown.
His father Syed Musleh Uddin was a madrasa teacher who became Nizami Islami's general secretary during its formation in 1952. He was the vice chairman of East Pakistan Democratic Party (PDP) during the Liberation War.
According to the prosecution's investigation, Musleh Uddin came out strongly in support of a united, non-secular Pakistan and many of his comments were published by newspapers at the time.
He became chairman of Kishoreganj Upazila's unit of infamous "Peace Committee" during the War. Ali, born on August 18 in 1947 in Brahmanbaria, was inspired by his father and joined Razakar, a para-militia, the case documents say.
Razakar, like Al-Badr and Peace Committee, was formed to assist the Pakistan occupation army to thwart Bangali struggle for freedom.
Hasan Ali provided all assistance to Pakistan army when they set up camp at Kishoreganj's Tarhail and later became the Upazila's Razakar commander, according to case details.

Editor : Iqbal Sobhan Chowdhury
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