Pratibha Basu was one of the most prolific and widely read Bengali writers of novels, short stories, and essays. She has written 200 books, all of which have been commercially successful. Several of her novels have been made into successful movies. She was known as Ranu Shome before she married the famous Bengali writer, Buddhadev Basu.
Pratibha Basu was born on March 13 in 1915. She was born in Bikrampur to Asutosh Shome and Sarajubala Shome. She was awarded 'Bhubonmohini' gold medal from the University of Calcutta for her contribution in Bengali language and literature and Ananda Purashkar. She had two daughters Meenakshi Dutta, Damayanti Basu Singh and Suddhashil Bose, who died only at the age of 42. One of her granddaughters Kankabati Dutta is also a well-known writer in Bengali.
Some of her notable literary works are Jiboner Jolchobi, Pothe Holo Deri, Maduri Latar Dairy, Nirupomar Chokh, Ditiyo Nokkhotro, Ditiyo Dorpoan, Agni Tusher and others.
Basu was also famed as a singer of popular songs. The poet Nazrul Islam, singer Dilip Roy, and Rabindranath Tagore admired her voice and taught her their own songs. She made her first LP at the age of 12 and continued until the 1940s, when she gave up singing and started writing. She was soon a best seller and publishers fought against each other for her books.
The prolific writer was a great lover of animals and was paralysed from head to toe in 1972 because of an adverse reaction to an anti rabies shot, which was necessary as she was rescuing stray dogs who had rabies.
Pratibha Basu died in 2006.