Global citizenship: The final form of human government
Naturally, in response to the variety of needs and interdependence, people are bound to form the community. By the courses of time, the community became the society which finally forms the nation state comprises with the shared identity, values, and needs.
Hence, in the age of globalization and technological revolution, the human aspiration, exploration, hopes and needs go beyond of any boundary throughout the world. The issues like human rights, terrorism, collective security, environment, global political economy, humanitarian assistance, sustainable development, global peace and security have been the matter of interconnection and global agenda.
Any single nation state is not capable enough to overcome the challenges and even only responsible for the mentioned issues. Robert Keohane and Joseph Nye explore the idea of 'complex interdependence' where states and their fortunes are inextricably tied together. Richard N. Cooper's concept of economic interdependence is the reality of everyday life of people and states. Therefore, global understanding and demonstration regarding the mentioned issues come into spectrum which explore and envision the conceptual development of the structure and agenda of globalism and global citizenship. Francis Fukuyama's thinking of the end point of humanity's socio-cultural evolution would become the final form of human government.
Global citizenship is the belongingness of the regime of aspiration, hope, and needs through world-wide. It is entrepreneurial and tech-savvy involves taking risks and encourages critical thinking and connecting the dots. The idea explores the path for the human being to equip and explore without having any boundary. Hence, it does not mean the weathering of the nationality of a particular nation state or denying the sovereignty of the state. Rather, a true global citizen exposes a boundless view to the each and every aspect of life throughout the world and the part he or she belongs. Global citizenship explores the universal respect for human rights, equity and justice, aim to minimize harm to the planate.
Global citizenship is a process and outcome of certain measures. Cultural understanding is the strongest fact of being global citizen. The human being is the comprehensive mode of aspects, issues, and differences. The several elements create the culture of a particular entity.
Anthropologist Edward B Tylor says culture is that complex whole which includes knowledge, belief, art, morals, law, custom, and any other capabilities and habits acquired by man as a member of society. Culture is the everyday lifestyle of the people. Therefore, cultural understanding denotes the understanding of the facts and issues of the social, political, economic, religious and other forms of life of a given entity.
The human being lives in the society and cultivates the culture for the sake of life. To achieve the sustainable development goals along with collective well beings and security of human being, it is necessary to understand and give importance to the cultural diversities of the world. Here, by understanding one's culture we can understand the local, regional and international dynamics of the world. Marshall McLuhan's argue that we have extended our central nervous system itself in a global embrace, abolishing both space and time as far as our planet is concerned.
In the age of globalization, we live in a global village. The Kantian notion is that human beings are not only the inhabitants of a 'polis' but also the inhabitants of a 'cosmos'. Therefore, cosmopolitanism is the fact of the present world and would be the future trajectory of human society. So the more we understand the culture of the world's societies, the more we will be the global citizen.
Global citizenship and cultural understanding can be fostered through various channels. Language is the primary component that plays the vital role. Particular entity expresses all of its culture through language. Global citizenship and cultural understanding comprehensibly related to the linguistic ability.
Hence, there is no single universal language that human being has developed. Even it is not possible to develop a common universal language as each and every society has their linguistic diversities. In 1873, Ludwik Lejzer Zamenhof, a Polish-Jewish medical doctor, started to develop 'Esperanto', as an international auxiliary language. The initiative couldn't success because languages are the outcome of particular cultures and aspects of the different entity. So to understand the diversity of the world culture and language, the best alternative way is the multilingual ability.
It means to have the quality of under
standing more than one language. It is the ability to communicate (speaking, reading, writing, listening, verbal and non-verbal) through more than one language.
Language is not only the means of communication for one but also the means of expressing, exposing, envisioning and cultivating the culture. It is possible to know a particular culture by any means but not possible to feel it from the core of the heart without linguistic ability. Along with the material understanding, the human cognitive features also work through linguistic capacity.
A Neuroimaging studies suggest that the neural network involved in language control may not be specific to bilingualism or multilingualism but is part of a domain-general executive control system. Voluntary control of spoken word production in trilingual speakers shares neural substrata in the front basal ganglia system with domain-general executive control mechanisms. Linguistic capacity enhances the academic knowledge, personal experiences, and national and international dynamics of human cultures. It builds up the comprehensive mode of cultural understanding and globalism.
To foster the multilingual ability and cultural understanding, educational institutions, academic and governmental initiatives can play a vital role. Certain measures like film, music, and food, young scholar conference, cross cultural festival, educational exchange, and particular study center could enhance the multilingual ability.
It can be strongly assumed that material and cognitive understanding of different culture distinctly shaped by multilingual ability. To explore global citizenship and cultural understanding there might have various aspects and all the aspects are interlinked with the linguistic ability.
Global citizenship and culture understanding have been the comprehensive mode for achieving the SDGs, universal human right, global peace and security. Thereafter, people can board on the journey of global citizenship distinctly through multilingual ability.
Md Saiful Islam is studying MA (International Relations) at South Asian University, New Delhi, India