Bangabandhu anticipated armed struggle : First armed resistance at Joydevpur on March 19
Just after 12 days of the historic speech of Father of the Nation Bangabandhu Sheikh Mujibur Rahman on March 7, 1971, a group of freedom-loving farmers, students as well as common people launched the first armed resistance on 19 March 1971 against Pakistani occupation forces at Joydebpur.
A valiant freedom fighter Kazi Azimuddin Ahmad Master fired the first bullet from his private gun against Pakistani occupation troops at Joydebpur level crossing, when many freedom-loving people following Bangabandhu's directives put barricade with trees, bricks and a wagon of a goods carrier train at about noon on the day.
That was the beginning. According to the historians, Father of the Nation Bangabandhu Sheikh Mujibur Rahman had thought of carrying out armed struggle against the Pakistani occupation forces from the beginning of March, 1971 especially after his historic speech on March 7.
According to the book - Bangladesh "Sasastra Pratirodh Andolon (Bangladesh Armed Resistance Struggle)", published by Asiatic Society and edited by historian Professor Syed Anwar Hossain and Professor Muntasir Mamun - Bangabandhu had anticipated armed struggle from the beginning of March.
On March 19, Bangabandhu and Colonel Osmani had their first formal meeting in this regard and discussed various strategic aspects of armed struggle, the book mentioned and added that during that time many officers of East Bengal Regiment held secret meetings with Bangabandhu. Basically, all kinds of preparation in achieving the independence of Bangladesh had been started after the historic March 7 speech of Bangabandhu.
In the interview with renowned British journalist David Frost in 1972 Bangabandhu said "I knew what was to come and I declared in that meeting (March 7) that this time the fight was for liberation, emancipation and freedom."
As per second part of "Bangladesh Documents", Bangabandhu had also described the background of choosing national anthem "Amar Sonar Bangla" to Frost. In the interview, Bangabandhu said the song "Amar Sonar Bangla" was chosen as national anthem of Bangladesh when 10 lakh people gave a salute while the song was sung during the historic March 7, 1971 meeting at the then Racecourse Maidan in Dhaka.
During the March, in one side Bangabandhu had continued discussion with Pakistanis, on the other side he was doing some underground works. As part of this, Bangabandhu had a meeting with Professor of Engineering University Professor Dr Nurul Ula and asked him to make a transmitter for him. Syed Nazrul Islam and Tajudin Ahmed were also present during the meeting.
The book "Shawdhinatar Dalil- part 8" mentioned about the meeting in its page 22-23. During their meeting, Bangabandhu told the professor "Nurul Ula you need to make a transmitter for me. I would like to say something to my countrymen before my departure. Please give me a word that you will keep a transmitter ready for me.
I would like to give my speech for the last time." Dr Mohammad Hannan in his book "History of Bangladesh Freedom Fight" also mentioned about the meeting. As per this book, after the meeting with Bangabandhu, Nurul Ula conveyed the message to other teachers of the electronics department of the university.
Almost all teachers including departmental head Professor Dr Zahurul Haque had made a radio transmitter with range of entire Bangladesh in nine days.
In an interview, one of the major leaders of Chatra Sangram Parishad Abdul Kuddus Makhan said Bangabandhu had sent Awami League Akhaura branch President Lalmia and Rafiq of Gangasagar to India to gather information about setting up a radio station in 1970.