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Published : Saturday, 18 March, 2017 at 12:00 AM Count : 157

Professor Colonel Dr Khaleda Khanam shares the effects of menopause with The Daily Observer.
Colonel Dr Khaleda Khanam (MBBS, DGO, FCPS) is the Professor and Head of the Department of Gynae & Obs at Universal Medical. College Hospital.

Menopause is a period of change:
*    Hormonal l Physical
*    Emotional l End of menstruation and child -bearing years

Menopause Occurs
*    Typically between 42 and 56 years of age
*    Defined as the day when a woman has not had a period for 1 year

During menopausal transition...
*    Monthly cycle begins to change
*    Number of stored eggs in the ovaries decreases
*    Hormone levels fluctuate
Estrogen and Progesterone have
many effects in the body.

*    Brain l Breasts l Heart l    Liver
*    Bones

*    Vagina l Skin l    Uterus l    Ovaries

Things that happens when hormone changes
*    Hot flushes / night sweats
*    Irregular periods
*    Vaginal / vulvar / bladder changes
*    Loss of bone / osteoporosis
*    Mood changes
*    Change in cholesterol / blood vessels
*    Mental function
*    Sexuality
*    Sleep disturbances
*    Joint discomfort

Lifestyle Changes
*    Avoid triggers (hot drinks, alcohol)
*    Breathing techniques
*    Ceiling/bedside fan
*    Cool evening shower or bath
*    Dress in layers - dry wicking clothing
*    Turn down thermostat

Treatment Modalities
*    Hormone preparations
*    Chemically synthesized from plants in a laboratory
*    Chemically identical to our body's own estrogen and progesterone
*    Available by prescription.

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