BRAC Onnesha: First nano-satellite in BD
Space technology has the potential to provide information, infrastructure and inspiration according to the needs of the developing countries. Many countries have recognised this and in turn, they are investing in the national satellite programs to harness satellite services to improve their socioeconomic status.
BRAC University (BRACU) took up an initiative to start space and remote sensing research in collaboration with Kyutech and Bangladesh Space Research and Remote Sensing Organization (SPARRSO) almost three years back.
As a part of those collaborations, three students from BRACU -- Kafi, Antara and Maisun -- went to Kyutech to build Bangladesh's first nano-satellite, BRAC ONNESHA.
The mission titled "Joint Global Multi-Nation BIRDS Satellite" with the acronym "BIRDS Project" is the first time a Bangladeshi university is working in the field of satellite engineering.
This project will provide Bangladesh's engineers and university students hands-on experience and education on satellite engineering and learn about the greater challenges of satellite missions.
BRACU considers this to be a milestone for the "Space Technology Transfer" and aims at using the satellite for following missions:
1. Take high quality aerial photograph of land to analyse vegetation, urbanisation, and flood.
2. Relay audio signal and attain communication through HAM radio during emergency and catastrophe. Also play national anthem on special national days.
3. Observe space environment.
4. Monitor satellite location.
5. Demonstrate Ground Station Network for Nano-satellite constellation.
6. Attain multi-point simultaneous space environment measurement.
The nano-satellite, size of 10 x 10 x 10 cm^3, will take 90 minutes to complete one orbit 400 kilometres above the ground and will go over our country four-six times a day.
The development and operation of this nano-satellite constellation will pave the way to increase data reliability of future missions for Bangladesh. Now the time has come to witness history.