A valuable source for the young researchers
Mohammad Asaduzzaman Chowdhury comes across various research strategies
Creativity and innovation are related to each other. In fact, the practical design and model of creativity and innovation is the research in different concerned areas. The term research is critically defined by different scholars and authors from their personal point of views. The Organization for Economic Co-operation and Development explained Research as "Creative work undertaken on a systematic basis in order to increase the stock of knowledge, including knowledge of man, culture and society, and the use of this stock of knowledge to devise new applications."As reported by Scott Armstrong and Tad Sperry "Scientific research is a systematic way of gathering data, a harnessing of curiosity. This research provides scientific information and theories for the explanation of the nature and the properties of the world. It makes practical applications possible. Scientific research is funded by public authorities, by charitable organizations and by private groups, including many companies. Scientific research can be subdivided into different classifications according to their academic and application disciplines. Scientific research is a widely used criterion for judging the standing of an academic institution, such as business schools, but some argue that such is an inaccurate assessment of the institution, because the quality of research does not tell about the quality of teaching (these do not necessarily correlate totally)."An extensive definition of research is provided by Martyn Shuttleworth - "In the broadest sense of the word, the definition of research includes any gathering of data, information and facts for the advancement of knowledge." Another definition of research is given by Creswell who states that - "Research is a process of steps used to collect and analyze information to increase our understanding of a topic or issue. It consists of three steps: Pose a question, collect data to answer the question, and present an answer to the question."Research is not a very simple concept. In most of the cases it is critical and complicated in nature. With the technological change and the socio-economic dimension of globalization, the cross-disciplinary practical and analytical knowledge is needed to make the conclusions of the research. Recently research is designed as a multi-cultural induced tendency. Research is not now limited within a specific area rather than a successful research can be possible only by the interaction of science, art and Engineering. To ensure the optimistic probability of outcomes of researches, planning and design are the two crucial factors. A research plan is usually categorized in to two areas: research logistics and research context and concepts. But in case of research design `deals with a logical problem and not a logistical problem. Even though It can be questionable "what needs to be started first either the research planning or research design or the both of the terms are exactly the same?" An analogy might help. When manufacturing a material there is no point ordering raw components or fixing critical dates for fabricating the material until the confirmation of what type of materials is being constructed. In this perspective, the initial think is to take the decision whether the types of applications in which the proposed material will be used. The probable applications of materials can be in aircraft or bulletproof vest or computer chips or sensors or building and so on. Until this is done it is difficult to sketch a plan of the research. But there are also different opinions of different personalities. They believe that a research design is the plan of a research study. The authors of the book "Practical Research: Planning and Design" can be criticized that somehow they failed to clarify the understanding the terms of planning or design from different controversial opinions. In reality, they emphasize the idea that quality research demands planning and design, and they provide what is needed for readers to be able to execute their own research projects effectively and professionally. . In addition to that this book is a do-it-yourself, understand-it-yourself manual for planning and conducting research. Suitable for a wide variety of courses in basic research methodology, the text guides the reader, step-by-step, from the selection of a problem, through the process of conducting authentic research, to the preparation of a completed report, with practical suggestions throughout. Social researchers ask two basic research questions: What is going on (descriptive research)? and Why is it going on (explanatory research)? The research can also be classified as applied and basic research. The other weakness of this book is not to explain why the research planning and design will not be in the similar fashion in case of basic research and applied research. Robert Hayden, Michigan State University has mentioned that "The primary strengths … are the authors' capacity to provide a succinct overview to research in its broadest sense, while offering enough depth to both engage the reader and provoke an interest in further study. For this reason, Practical Research: Planning and Design represents a seminal introduction to the subject of research and remains a helpful reference tool along the way for novice and experienced researchers alike." Brian Belland, Utah State University has also appreciated this book by his opinion "[Practical Research] is written in a very user-friendly style for novice researchers. It gives a good overview of research methodology in a very concise manner. I like the extended examples."
The main strength of the book "Practical Research: Planning and Design" is that it can be used as valuable source of the young researchers to understand what strategies need to be taken before beginning the research. The practical examples for carrying out practical research is the another strong achievement of the authors. The authors of this book have described elaborately the research methodology. Ideally suited for self-instruction, the worthy text makes sure all of the basics needfulness to complete an undergraduate or graduate research project in any discipline. Some creative and new concepts are added in this, including: On-line research, evaluating literature, identifying appropriate measurement instruments, criteria for evaluating qualitative research, cross-sectional studies, and observation studies. Positive Psychology, Jennifer Aaker summarized in his research study ""Happiness was linked to being a taker rather than a giver, whereas meaningfulness went with being a giver rather than a taker," It can be confidently remarked that this book must be made the research more meaningful for the future researchers who are agreed to contribute the world for the happiness of other people.
Professor Dr Mohammad Asaduzzaman Chowdhury is Head, Department of Mechanical Engineering, Dhaka University of Engineering and Technology (DUET), Gazipur, Bangladesh
Practical Research: Planning and Design
Paul D Leedy
Jeanne Ellis Ormrod