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GMAT Sentence Correction

Published : Sunday, 16 September, 2018 at 12:00 AM Count : 674

All sentence correction questions consist of a sentence with part underlined, followed by 5 answer choices. Your task is to choose the BEST version from the choices given.
1. The term "genre novel" is loosely defined, promoted by those critics who do not consider novels that rely on romantic relationships, crime drama, or use fantastic elements to be mainstream literature and thus exclude these from consideration when awarding literary prizes.
A    use fantastic elements to be mainstream literature and thus exclude these
B.    fantastic elements mainstream literature and thus exclude these
C.    use fantastic elements as mainstream literature and thus exclude these works
D.    fantastic elements as if they were mainstream literature and thus exclude these
E.    fantastic elements mainstream literature and thus exclude these works
Answer: E
Explanation:
The term "genre novel" is loosely defined, promoted by those critics who do not consider novels that rely on romantic relationships, crime drama, or use fantastic elements to be mainstream literature and thus exclude these from consideration when awarding literary prizes.
A.    use fantastic elements to be mainstream literature and thus exclude these
Incorrect: Defeats Parallelism
B.    fantastic elements mainstream literature and thus exclude these
Incorrect. 'these' is ambiguous
C.    use fantastic elements as mainstream literature and thus exclude these works
Incorrect: Defeats Parallelism
D.    fantastic elements as if they were mainstream literature and thus exclude these
Incorrect. 'these' is ambiguous
E.    fantastic elements mainstream literature and thus exclude these works
Correct. Corrects both parallelism as well as specifies these works
2. A newly released study on the tectonic plates forming the Pacific basin indicates that by the time they had shifted even a few miles, a vast percentage of the coastline which is currently home to major world cities, because of global warming, will have already become entirely submerged.
A.    by the time they had shifted even a few miles, a vast percentage of the coastline which is currently home to major world cities, because of global warming, will have already become entirely submerged
B.    by the time they shift even a few miles, a vast percentage of the coastline, which is currently a home of the major world cities, will have already become entirely submerged due to global warming
C.    by the time they have shifted even a few miles, a vast percentage of the coastline currently home to major world cities already will have become entirely submerged because of global warming
D.    a vast percentage of the coastline that is currently home to major world cities will have already become entirely submerged due to global warming by the time they have shifted even a few miles
E.    a vast percentage of the coastline that is currently home to major world cities, by the time the plates have shifted even a few miles, will become entirely submerged because of global warming
Answer: C
Explanation:
Concepts to look for: Verb tense, idiom, pronoun reference, word order, altered intent and change of meaning
A.    by the time they had shifted even a few miles, a vast percentage of the coastline which is currently home to major world cities, because of global warming, will have already become entirely submerged -"had" is wrongly used. A comma is required before which.
B.    by the time they shift even a few miles, a vast percentage of the coastline, which is currently a home of the major world cities, will have already become entirely submerged due to global warming -due to is wrongly used.
C.    by the time they have shifted even a few miles, a vast percentage of the coastline currently home to major world cities already will have become entirely submerged because of global warming -Correct
D.    a vast percentage of the coastline that is currently home to major world cities will have already become entirely submerged due to global warming by the time they have shifted even a few miles -"they" is misplaced pronoun. It might refer back to either cities or plates.
E.    a vast percentage of the coastline that is currently home to major world cities, by the time the plates have shifted even a few miles, will become entirely submerged because of global warming -meaning change. information regarding "plates" appears to be unnecessary.





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